Using Remote Desktop Servers with Unix/Linux

If you connect to a remote desktop, this will use the operating system and software running on a remote computer but will display the graphical output inside a window on your computer. This way you may access your university software and documents from outside of the university via the internet.


Software

You may use various software to establish a remote desktop connection.

  • Remmina (recommended) offers more options, but needs to be installed.
  • Vinagre comes pre-installed on University Linux machines.

Remmina

Click on +:

You will see the options menu:

Enter the following details:

Name: chose a name

Protocol: set to RDP

Server: rds.zdv.uni-mainz.de

User name: your university username

Password: your password

Domain: UNI-MAINZ

Color depth: As needed. (The higher the number the better the colors will look, but more bandwidth will be used.)

Select Advanced.

Set Security to TLS.

Click on Save.

To connect, double click the list entry.

Log Out

If the connection is ended abruptly, errors may occur the next time you log in. To avoid any issues, log out via the operating system.
Do do so, click on Start at the bottom right corner, afterwards on Log off.


Vinagre

After opening the program click on Connect in the top left corner.

A window will open:

Enter the following details:

Protocol: select RDP

Host: rds.zdv.uni-mainz.de

Username: your university username

You may want to adjust Width and Hight to change the size of the remote window.

After that, click on Connect.

A new window opens:

Enter your password and the domain UNI-MAINZ.

Click on Authenticate.

Log Out

If the connection is ended abruptly, errors may occur the next time you log in. To avoid any issues, log out via the operating system.
Do do so, click on Start at the bottom right corner, afterwards on Log off.

Remmina

Setting up connection

Click on +.

You will see the options menu:

Enter the following details.

Name: chose a name

Protocol: set to RDP

Server: linux.zdv.uni-mainz.de

User name: Username

Color depth: As needed. (The higher the number the better the colors will look, but more bandwidth will be used.)

Click on Advanced.

Set Security to TLS.

Click on Save.

Setting keyboard layout

By default the keyboard layout inside the remote is set to english.
To change the layout click on the 3 dots at the top right.

A new window opens. on the top line click on RDP at the right.

Tick Use client keyboard mapping. This sets the keyboard layout as the same as on your local machine.

Connecting

To connect, double-click the list entry.

At the login screen enter your password.

Log Out

If the connection is ended abruptly errors may occur the next time you log in. To avoid any issues, log out via the operating system.
Do do so, click on Applications at the top right corner, afterwards on Log out.

Inside the new window click on Log Out.


 

Vinagre

After opening the program click on Connect in the top left corner.

A window will open:

Enter the following details:

Protocol: select RDP

Host: linux.zdv.uni-mainz.de

Username: can be empty

You may want to adjust Width and Hight to change the size of the remote window.

After that, click on Connect.

After you are connected, the login window will appear.

Enter your username and password.

⚠️ : Warning! The keyboard layout is set to English.

Click on OK.

Log Out

If the connection is ended abruptly, errors may occur the next time you log in. To avoid any issues, log out via the operating system.
Do do so, click on Applications at the top right corner, afterwards on Log out.

Inside the new window click on Log Out.